Many people want healthy, youthful skin without the invasive procedures that plastic surgery offers. Microdermabrasion works to fulfill this need using a technique of simply buffering the surface layer of skin through exfoliation. The process is also called micro-epi-dermabrasion because it only affects the epidermis, which keeps it from being harmful, painful, or damaging to the new skin. This process removes that outer layer of dead skin cells with a sensation that has been reported to feel like a cat licking the skin. It has become a popular treatment that is performed on the face, neck, hands, chest and arms. Here are the different tools, materials, and techniques needed for accomplishing the new, glowing skin effects at home and in a professional setting.

The Home Process

Microdermabrasion was once a completely natural treatment that did not require specialized equipment or tools. Organic ingredients such as diamond tips, shells, plants, and sugar are still used today in homemade concoctions. Even brushes or bristle tips can be an alternative to salon treatments.

For those wanting to do the home treatment without the work of mixing the right materials, ready-made treatments are sold in jars for about $50-80. By using the hands to rub either the organic or ready-made creams and scrubs onto the skin, the particles and crystals remove the dead skin of the top stratum corneum layer, while the nutrients moisturize and hydrate the new skin.

The Professional Process

Clinics and salons have professionals that are trained to deal with aluminium oxide crystals, sodium bicarbonate crystals, and sodium chloride crystals, all of which can be used for micro-epi-dermabrasion. More specifically, the venturi suction process is used to pull and raise a section of skin that is being worked on, creating swelling and bringing impurities to the surface. This tool or hand piece is then used to shoot out a high-pressured stream of the crystals. The pressure and speed of the suction and stream can be adjusted depending on the client’s skin sensitivity. Other techniques use the tip of a diamond or bristles for deeper exfoliation. Each of these processes abrade the skin before the vacuum is used.

Once the professional and client are satisfied with the abrasion, the suction of the vacuum is used to remove the crystals and the dead skin through a connecting tube. A standard session may go over the skin area twice before completion, and the session may cost anywhere from $100-200 (for 5-60 minutes). Many people go through several treatments throughout the year to keep the maximum effectiveness.

Whether the treatment is done at home or in the office, the face or treatment-area may be slightly swollen (or red) for one hour after the process when the body rushes to place healthy cells where the damaged ones once were. The healing process creates skin that looks better and feels smoother with blemishes, and even fine lines, being reduced. Micro-epi-dermabrasion can also be used for shallow scars, photo-damage, and acute hyper-pigmentation, making it a low-risk, high benefit simple surface treatment.

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